There are many situations in life when we find it difficult to decide what is best for us. Unwanted or unplanned pregnancy is one such situation in a life of a woman. She finds it hard to decide whether to abort pregnancy or continue it. The decision to abort pregnancy must be taken with utmost consideration and must be discussed with family and partner.

There are mainly 2 ways by which abortion can be induced; both of them are explained below:

Surgical Method: As the name suggests, this involves the use of surgical equipments and anesthesia. Surgical Abortion is done when the pregnancy is more than 49 days old and/or ectopic.

Medical Method: As the name suggests, this involves the use of oral medicines or abortion pills. Medical Abortion is less than 49 days old and intrauterine (normal pregnancy).

Abortion pill is used in the medical termination of pregnancy. It contains 1 pill of Mifepristone (200mg) and 4 pills of Misoprostol (200mcgX4).  Mifepristone acts against progesterone hormone that is produced naturally in the body of the female. It alters the lining of the womb of the mother that causes the detachment of the fetus.

This also results in the stoppage of nutrition to the fetus. Ultimately death of the fetus occurs. Misoprostol acts by inducing the contractions of the womb. This leads to the expulsion of dead fetal tissue from the womb of the mother.

Take a pregnancy test to confirm once more whether you are pregnant or not. You can also take an Ultrasonographic test to confirm the type and duration of pregnancy. It is recommended to start with 1 pill of Mifepristone. Take this tablet with a glass of water. 

To complete the process of abortion, take 4 tablets of Misoprostol as a single dose via oral or vaginal route of administration. It is very vital for a woman to take care of herself after abortion as body needs to get better and heal.

Given below are some ways by which a woman can take care of herself after abortion:

  • Take a healthy diet (especially diet rich in iron) to get all the essential nutrients.
  • Make sure you take proper rest
  • Do not take stress and try to relax
  • Do not engage in any kind of intimate activity for sometime
  • Avoid strenuous activity as MTP Kit may lead to dizziness and drowsiness.

Harmful effects of MTP Kit are: nausea, dizziness, stomachache, diarrhea, heavy bleeding, etc.

Safety Measures:

  • If you are hypersensitive to either Mifepristone or Misoprostol, then do not take this medicine.
  • After 2 weeks, take a pregnancy test to confirm that you are not pregnant anymore. 
  • If you are using any other birth control device that is inserted in vagina such as IUD, then remove it before abortion.

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